Critical Thinking: Why is it So Hard to Teach? No commas around a name or title indicate that it is essential to the meaning of a sentence – the sentence will, Commas around a name or title indicate that it is NOT essential to the meaning of a sentence  – the sentence, In the mid-nineteenth century, Susan B. Anthony and her acquaintance, Anthony and Stanton traveled across the United States and abroad, advocating for, female suffrage as well as for the abolition of slavery. THIS was the example I was hoping to find here but did not. In a series (or list) of three or more items, you can use a comma before or, but this is a preference, not a rule. If you are taking the SAT or ACT and want the simplified version that applies to virtually all “commas with names/titles” questions on those exams, click here. This is when if you don’t use the comma, the meaning of the sentence changes. Again, both constructions are grammatically correct, but they have different meanings. When the identifier makes sense in the sentence by itself, then the name is nonessential and you use a comma before it. "The correct way to use commas with names and titles." Use a comma to shift between the main discourse and a quotation. than I did. “My sister Jane is a pain.” Whether this sentence is correct or not, actually, … There is a name for the usage of a comma before and after a name: noun in apposition. We're doing our best to make sure our content is useful, accurate and safe.If by any chance you spot an inappropriate comment while navigating through our website please use this form to let us know, and we'll take care of it shortly. Do you need a comma after Director? The reason is "direct address." Free APUSH 2020 PDF Guide (Larry Krieger), Why You Won’t Go to Harvard on a National Merit Scholarship. If you are not sure whether commas should be placed around a name or title, try crossing the name/title out and reading the sentence in context without it. Incorrect: My friend, Jane has a lot more gardening experience than I do. Sure? Before a coordinating conjunction when it separates an independent and dependent clause as an Oxford comma. Note, though, that Danny is the direct address in the example above and … Before "then" when it separates two independent clauses. Grammar. How I Rewired My Brain to Become Fluent in Math, Silent StopWatch (for standardized tests), The Usefulness of Brief Instruction in Reading Comprehension Strategies, What David Coleman Doesn’t Know About Literature, Why a Great Individual is Better than a Good Team. This happens when it is used to address a person or any other entity at the end of the sentence. The information and opinions expressed on The Critical Reader are the exclusive work of Erica Meltzer and are in no way affiliated with the College Board or the ACT. It's one thing to put LLC or Inc, in your name, but is it proper to place a comma before them? If you learned in school … Or better yet, drop the 'The' too. We truly appreciate your support. In this case, however, a comma is necessary to set off the clause begun by who. After a time phrase that comes before a sentence or … Confusing. That comma is optional. So, I'm thinking I'm not going to look to this source to provide grammar advice. Use Commas to Separate Items in a List. Eg. Danny, thank you for your thoughtful … Commas should sometimes be placed before – and after – names and titles. Luckily, that friend, Jane, agreed to come over the next day. When the name occurs right at the end, the comma still goes in. After an initial/introductory adverb that modifies a whole sentence or independent clause. Whether or not you put a comma before and depends on how you’re using and. If the person or thing you are addressing is named at the end of the sentence, put a comma before the name. Layla said, “I don’t know what to do anymore, Danny.”. Use commas wherever necessary to prevent possible confusion or misreading. title is supposed to be italicized, too. Here, the lack of a comma before the name indicates that it is essential – it clarifies who Jane is so that the mention of her name in the following sentence make sense. Improve your grammar, vocabulary, and writing -- and it's FREE! This probably the first use of commas … It takes a comma before the conjunction (and, but, or, etc. Hello, Nigel, Good morning, Kendra. Let’s start with the fact that unless a name or title is the last word (s) in a sentence, it can either be used with no commas at all, OR with a comma both before and after. In English, when you address someone (or something) directly, the name you use is offset with a comma (if it's at the start or end of the sentence) or two commas (if it's in the middle). My friend John, who is a better painter than me, can do the walls for … In contrast, the comma before Lula in the second version of the sentence implies that Paige only had one mother, and that her name was Lula – a far more logical implication given the circumstances of his life. 4. Use commas to offset appositives from the rest of the sentence. Would this be correct? Do you put commas around "Susan?" “who is a better painter than I” is correct because the “am” is understood. A thousand splendid suns, authored by Khaled Hosseini, is a fantastic novel. When the name appears somewhere inside the sentence, you must place a comma before and after the name. Short answer: If you have only one cousin (or only one aunt), put commas around that person’s name.If, however, you have more than one cousin (or more than one aunt), do not use commas around the name. Or to … So what’s the difference between the the two correct versions? That. Do not place a comma before numbered suffixes: John D. Rockefeller IV Place a comma before Jr. and Sr.: Dale Earnhardt, Jr. But that does not make sense: Paige – an African-American man born in 1906 in Alabama – could have had only one mother. Who really benefits from test-optional policies. Correct: The controversy over baseball player Satchel Paige’s true date of birth was stoked by Paige’s mother, Lula. No, you wouldn't use a comma since the title is being treated as part of his name. In the example immediately above, the serial comma makes it clear that the writer is taking two separate economics courses next semester. Its use has nothing to do with the name. This comma is no longer considered mandatory. What do you know, Joe? The Comma Before Inc. or LLC. Grammar.com. (But see exceptions below.) The first thing to know is that there are generally only two correct options: two commas, one before and one after the name/title, or no commas at all. ... At the end of the letter, a comma would come after the signoff and before your name: Eternally yours, Faust _____ Also on The Huffington Post: PHOTO GALLERY. Otherwise, no comma. Incorrect: The controversy over baseball player Satchel Paige’s true date of birth was stoked by Paige’s mother Lula. While a comma after the title may be correct on rare occasions (which don’t concern us here), a comma only before a name or title is wrong. Hello, Rene. It should read 'The distinguished scientist Mr Stephen, of AKL University, will be addressing the crowd tomorrow.' It all depends on the context. What's the difference between this question and the Case 3 example? I’ve always been interested in gardening, but until recently, I didn’t have room for flowers or plants. In addition, the mention of the friend in the next-to-last sentence (So I called a friend who had a lot more gardening experience than I did) makes it clear that the writer is talking about one specific person. How about this. The two women also edited and published a newspaper, the Revolution, from 1868 to 1870. Luckily, Jane said she’d come over right away. There was just one problem – I’d never actually planted one. Girl, have you been to Japon? An estimated 80 percent of LLCs have a comma between their name and the LLC in many states. Correct: My friend, Jane, has a lot more gardening experience than I do. Web. It’s a bit confusing, but the difference is that dear is an adjective for John , while hi is an interjection and should be separated from the name by the comma. Thanks for your vote! … That's up to you. "This would mean the speaker is telling about John to Tina (the friend). So I called my. Egs. Hope you liked the article. Let’s start with the fact that unless a name or title is the last word(s) in a sentence, it can either be used with no commas at all, OR with a comma both before and after. Anthony and Stanton traveled across the United States and abroad, advocating for female suffrage as well as for the abolition of slavery. When I moved into a new house last summer, however, I was thrilled to discover, that there was enough space in the yard for a garden.There was just one problem – I’d, never actually planted one. Joe, what do you know? Traditionally, if a person's name is followed by Sr. or Jr., a comma follows the last name: Martin Luther King, Jr. A comma before a name makes your meaning clear When you address people directly in writing, whether in the greeting or in the body of your message, and you use a name, the name must be preceded by a comma. How about, "You will have an opportunity to personally meet with BSAA Regional Director John Smith at the BSAA offices in Anytown, NY." ): The dog barked at a cat, and the cat ran up a tree. 2 Dec. 2020. So although the sentence is grammatically acceptable, its meaning is not historically accurate. "My wife Susan and I founded our company in 2012." While “Dear Charlie, …” is correct with just a comma after Charlie, if you go the less-formal route, it should be “Hi, Charlie,” with a comma between Hi and Charlie. The two women also edited and, or plants. Note: This is the full explanation of this rule. Some writers omit it, but doing so can cause confusion. Write to us your doubts and queries through comments. Finally, let’s consider an instance in which only the comma after the name is necessary: I’ve always been interested in gardening, but until recently, I didn’t have room for flowers or plants. Let’s start simple. I know it is when saying names, but what about girl or boy? Compare the following pair of sentences. ", I was looking at this as a source for my students and noticed first that "focusing" was spelled wrong, and then that you didn't capitalize all of the important words in the title of Hosseini's book. In this example, the inclusion of the name Jane is useful because provides more information about the friend’s identity, but it is not actually necessary for the sentence to make sense in context. https://www.grammar.com/the_correct_way_to_use_commas_with_names_and_titles. Omitting the serial comma makes this unclear. People often get muddled about whether to place a comma before conjunctions like and, so, … Perhaps the following instance will illustrate this point. If the person or thing you are addressing comes at the beginning of the sentence, place a comma after it. It’s now more important than ever to develop a powerful writing style. In a sentence, add a comma after … But there are several things to consider before choosing to use or not use a comma. Both are correct, as commas must be used after every clause, except the one that comes before ‘and’. The use of the vocative comma is fairly straightforward. In the first version of the sentence, the missing comma implies that the name Lula is essential – that is, the name must be included to necessary to specify which of Paige’s mothers the sentence is referring to. Luckily, Jane said she’d come over right away. When a name or a title appears at the end of a sentence, the name or title can follow either a comma or no comma. EXCEPTION TO ANSWERS: The answers stating that a comma must follow “thank you” and precede the name, as in “Thank you, Frank” are … Both of these examples involve one of the most complicated comma uses: the appendage comma with nonrestrictives. So I called a friend who had a lot more gardening experience than I did. Correct: Al Mooney Sr. is here. However, if a comma does precede Sr. or Jr., another comma must follow the entire name when it appears midsentence. In the main text of your written work, use a suffix that is an essential part of the name—like Jr. or a roman numeral—when you cite a person’s name in full. ‘Terry will call for you at eight, Joan.’ “We are all going by train this time, Bill.’ 3. When placing any names at the end of a sentence, a comma must always come before it. Although both versions are grammatically acceptable, only the second one creates a logical meaning. So I called my friend Jane, who had a lot more gardening experience than I did. 2. They serve amazing sushi. It is incorrect to place only one comma before the name or title. The choice to use or not use a comma in the LLC name is not required in any state law. The states do not require or mandate the use of a comma between the title of your business and the corporation or LLC designation when naming your business. The Quick Answer When addressing a person or thing directly, the name used must be offset with a comma (or commas if it's mid-sentence). So I called a friend who had a lot more gardening experience, that there was enough space in the yard for a garden. It’s almost always optional to put a comma before and in a list. When I moved into a new house last summer, however, I was thrilled to discover that there was enough space in the yard for a garden.There was just one problem – I’d never actually planted one. In addition, the most logical implication is also that Stanton was one of Susan B. Anthony’s acquaintances rather than her only acquaintance. Commas should sometimes be placed before – and after – names and titles. It is incorrect to place only one comma before … You can also think of the two commas/no commas distinction in terms of one vs. many. If the sentence makes sense, you probably need the commas; if the sentence doesn’t make sense, you probably do not need the commas. For example, consider the following passage: In the mid-nineteenth century, Susan B. Anthony and her acquaintance Elizabeth Cady Stanton became two of the leading figures in the women’s rights movement. “who is a better painter than me” is incorrect. Is the comma after girl necessary? Then it starts to look like three people founded the company: My wife, Susan, and me. Correct: Al … After all, most communication takes place in reports, emails, and instant messages. There’s no single rule that applies to all situations. These guides recommend the consistent use of commas around a husband or wife's name when it is used in apposition: The Chicago Manual of Style states: "A word, abbreviation, phrase, or clause that is in apposition to a noun (i.e., provides an explanatory equivalent) is normally set off by commas if it is nonrestrictive–that is, … When I moved into a new house last summer, however, I was thrilled to discover that there was enough space in the yard for a garden. You usually put a comma before and when it’s connecting two independent clauses. . Check your text and writing for style, spelling and grammar problems everywhere on the web! Use commas to set off all geographical names, items in dates (except the month and day), addresses (except the street number and name), and titles in names. Many people learn that a comma should be placed before a name or title, but that is not entirely true. A: I use commas before (or after or around) names used in direct address (that is, when you’re addressing somebody), as in “Hello, Laura,” or “Rodney, welcome,” or “Honey, I’m home!” If the name is at the beginning of a sentence, you put a comma after it. Always place a comma before or when it begins an independent clause, but if it begins a dependent clause, don’t. QUESTION: Do you need a comma after "thank you," followed by someone's name? "Lily made Panna Cotta, an Italian dessert", Yep, looks fine -- just make sure to add a period at the end :-). When you address someone directly, their name is said to be in the vocative case. Grammarly. I remember a comma rule that clarifies if you would only have one wife who is Susan or multiple wives of which Susan is one, but can't remember. It all depends on the context. Apposition places two nouns side by side, usually with the second noun being more specific than the first. Answer: Yes, you need to use a comma between the person’s name and the greeting. There was just one problem – I’d, never actually planted one. The final comma in a list of items is known as an Oxford comma or serial comma. STANDS4 LLC, 2020. Correct: My friend Jane has a lot more gardening experience than I do. In the first version of the sentence, the missing comma implies that the name, Coming in 2021: AP® Literature and Composition Guide, 2021 GMAT book updates delayed (serious printing error in Official Verbal Review). Let’s start with the fact that unless a name or title is the last word(s) in a sentence, it can either be used with no commas at all, OR with a comma both before and after. Appositives act … Use a comma in your dates to separate date and year. States With The Best College Completion … Here is the text of a deleted spam … Hi, Maria. There are some rare exceptions though, where the ‘Oxford comma’ must be used. Here, the name Elizabeth Cady Stanton is essential because the reference to Stanton in the following sentence does not make sense otherwise. In the examples below, the words in the vocative case are shaded: For example, take … We use commas to show that we are talking to the reader, not about the reader. If it’s at the end, you put the comma in front. Do not use a comma for titles that appear before the person's name, such as \"the Reverend Joe Smith\" or \"Doctor Mary Richards.\" Also do not include both a person's title, such as doctor, and their corresponding degree, such as M.D., at the same time. Is a comma necessary in a sentence like: Use a pair of commas in the middle of a sentence to set off clauses, phrases, … Kym Utah The case 3 example is wrong.
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