Ultimately, the two ships of the class — Kronshtadt and Sevastopol — would never be completed, due to the aforementioned limitations of Soviet heavy industries at the time, and the eventual commencement of the Great Patriotic War and the re-allocation of the necessary resources for other uses. The dual-purpose mountings had 50 mm armor with 40-millimeter (1.6 in) barbettes. The Soviets envisioned one of these projects, the Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser, to be faster than Germany’s Bismarck-class battleship and more powerful than the Scharnhorst. Id say Kongo-Class Battlecruiser is definately without a doubt Japan's option. They had a beam of 31.6 meters (103 ft 8 in) and at full load a draft of 9.45 meters (31 ft 0 in). The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. The Shipbuilding Commissariat reported on 17 April that it was possible so the agreement was finalized in November 1940 with the deliveries scheduled from October 1941 to 28 March 1943. A battlecruiser, or battle cruiser, was a large capital ship built in the first half of the 20th century. Alas, the demands of the war saw that the Kronshtadt was never built. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. [11] The turrets could elevate at a rate of 10 degrees per second and traverse at 5.1 degrees per second. While the naval war in the Atlantic was winding down, the Soviet Admiralty decided to order the ships not only to further modernize their fleet, but to challenge the massive American Fleet in the postwar. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. Several designs were submitted by the end of 1935, but the Navy was not satisfied and rejected all of them. it … [17], The Germans sold the Soviets twelve 52-caliber 38-centimeter (15.0 in) SKC/34 guns and their associated Drh LC/34 turrets as part of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. A revised design was finished by October which was wargamed against the Japanese Kongō-class battlecruisers, the French Dunkerque-class battleships as well as the Scharnhorst class. Initially seven mounts were planned, but the one above the conning tower was exchanged for a director for the 100 mm guns in early 1940 when the Navy realized that the other directors were blocked by the superstructure. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. They were laid down in 1939, with an estimated completion date in 1944, but Stalin's naval construction program proved to be more than the shipbuilding and armaments industries could handle. Posted on October 2, 2017 by MSW. The Germans said that they would have to check back for the technical details. The main belt was 230 millimeters (9.1 in) thick, with a taper to the lower edge, and inclined outwards six degrees. The main calibre was … They were … Maximum fuel capacity was 5,570 metric tons (5,482 long tons) which gave a range of 8,300 nautical miles (15,370 km; 9,550 mi) at 14.5 knots (26.9 km/h; 16.7 mph) and 6,900 nmi (12,780 km; 7,940 mi) at 16.5 knots (30.6 km/h; 19.0 mph). This conversion was initially accepted, but the red army understandably more interested in funding the red army and not the red navy, had gained control of a committee on naval needs, and used that to get the conversion cancelled, ending any hope of Izmail, last of the Borodino-class Battlecruisers, and any chance of a Soviet capital ship until the Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser … 10/7/1938 the Basic technical development plans on designing of a heavy cruiser of project 69 have been approved. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. [9], The main turrets had 305 mm faces and backs and 125-millimeter (4.9 in) sides and roofs. Subcategories. The State Defense Committee revised the requirements and specified a size about 31,000 metric tons (30,510 long tons), an armament of nine 305-millimeter (12.0 in) guns, an armor belt 250 mm (9.8 in) thick and a speed about 31–32 knots (57–59 km/h; 36–37 mph). The conning tower had 330 mm sides and a 125 mm roof with a 230 mm communications tube running down to the armor deck. Much of the design work was accomplished by using naval engineers abducted from the British Empire, Japan and United States (and later UAPR). The shipyards in Leningrad and Nikolayev had less than half the workers intended. Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted. Four succeeding Battlecruisers, four vessels were laid down, 3 cancelled … A third ship, possibly to be called Stalingrad, was never started. They wanted a ship not to exceed 23,000 metric tons with a speed of 34 knots (63 km/h; 39 mph) and an armament of nine 254 mm guns, but the requirement proved to be too ambitious for the specified size and it increased to 26,200 metric tons (25,786 long tons) in the design submitted in June 1938. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. She was ordered scrapped on 24 March 1947 and her dismantling began shortly afterwards. The situation was not much better for the smaller guns as mountings for both the 152 mm and 100 mm guns were still incomplete on 22 June 1941 and all of these programs were terminated quickly afterwards. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers had their origin in a mid-1930s requirement for a large cruiser (Russian: bol'shoi kreiser) capable of destroying 10,000-long-ton (10,160 t) cruisers built to the limits imposed by the Washington Naval Treaty, to which the Soviets were not a signatory. Project 69: Kronshtadt-class Battlecruiser this took some time, but I had exams to pass >_> Some design elements were taken from the World of Warships version of this ship. If it no longer meets these criteria, you can reassess it. More Resources from rcengr Aichi E13A1 "Jake" Japanese Float Plane Liberty Ship Kronshtadt will be introduced in the game as Tier IX, no details if it will be Premium or a Reward ship. |state=expanded: {{Kronshtadt class battlecruiser|state=expanded}} to show the template expanded, i.e., fully visible |state=autocollapse : {{Kronshtadt class battlecruiser|state=autocollapse}} shows the template collapsed to the title bar if there is a {{ navbar }} , a {{ sidebar }} , or some other table on the page with the collapsible attribute The four Borodino-class battlecruisers (also referred to as Izmail class) of the Imperial Russian Navy were all laid down in December 1912 at Saint Petersburg for service with the Baltic Fleet. The second boiler room contained four boilers and was followed by a turbine room for the central shaft. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser is part of the Battlecruisers of the world series, a featured topic. An attempt to import 14,000 long tons (14,225 t) of steel and armor plate from the United States in 1939 failed, probably as a result of the Soviet invasion of Poland on 17 September 1939. It was 5 meters (16 ft 5 in) high of which 1.6 meters (5 ft 3 in) was intended to be submerged as originally designed. The Soviets had been working on a small battleship design (Battleship 'B') for service in the Baltic and Black Seas and had to shrink it as a result of these discussions to a size close to that of the Project 22 large cruiser so that the latter was cancelled. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Battlecruiser classes. Ive been reading up on the Lexington and G3 class battlecruisers and looking at how the Devs would classify them if they ever show up. They were … List of ships of Russia by project number, "Russian 305 mm/55 (12") B-36 Pattern 1937 305 mm/55 (12") B-50 Pattern 1940", List of battlecruisers of the Soviet Union, Large cruiser or "cruiser killer" designs. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. Several designs were submitted by the end of 1935, but the Navy was not satisfied … [5], The Project 69-class ships were 250.5 meters (821 ft 10 in) long overall and had a waterline length of 240 meters (787 ft 5 in). They replied that the turrets were out of production, but new ones could be built. 61 Kommunar yard at Nikolaev respectively. But in 1944, Soviet premier Joseph Stalin rebooted the concept for a namesake ship, the Stalingrad-class battlecruiser. [10], The main armament consisted of three electrically powered triple-gun turrets, each with three 54-caliber 305 mm B-50 guns. Others. The speed remained the same as the deeper draft was offset by a more efficient propeller form. It covered 61.5% of the ship's length and had a total depth of 6 meters (19 ft 8 in), that reduced to 4 meters (13 ft 1 in) forward and aft where the hull lines became finer. N-A:construction: Armor :construction: Waterline belt: 230 mm … Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. Only Kronshtadt '​s hull survived the war reasonably intact and was about 10% complete in 1945. The Defense Committee approved the sketch design on 13 July 1939, but the detailed design was not approved until 12 April 1940, after construction had already begun on the first two ships. 100 rounds per gun were carried. The Kharkhovskii Turbogenerator Works never completed a single turbine before the German invasion in June 1941. 200, 61 Communards in Nikolayev. It asked for another design, displacing 23,000 metric tons (22,637 long tons) and armed with 254-millimeter (10.0 in) guns, in early 1936, eventually designated Project 22, but this design was cancelled after the Soviets began negotiations in mid-1936 with the British that ultimately resulted in the Anglo-Soviet Quantitative Naval Agreement of 1937 and agreed to follow the terms of the Second London Naval Treaty which limited battleships to a displacement of 35,000 long tons (35,562 t). https://naval-frontline.fandom.com/wiki/Kronshtadt_class_battlecruiser?oldid=5882. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. [5] Their elevation range was -5.5° to +30° with a fixed loading angle of 2.5°. As designed they displaced 35,240 metric tons (34,683 long tons) at standard and 41,539 metric tons (40,883 long tons) at full load. It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. This meant that the main belt had to be extended upwards to meet the main armor deck at a significant penalty in weight. The tactical diameter was estimated at about 1,200 meters (1,312 yd). So the barbette of turret number two had to be raised to clear turret number one and the height of the conning tower had to be raised to clear turret number two. Proposals were made to complete her as an aircraft carrier and as a base ship for a whaling flotilla, but both ideas were rejected and she was ordered scrapped on 24 March 1947. The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. The 263-meter-long warship would be bigger, faster and more powerful than the Kronshtadt.The design included four steam turbines producing a total of 208,796 kilowatts of power, propelling the battlecruiser … [2], This was approved and the detailed design work began with the basic concept that the ship should be superior to the Scharnhorst-class ships and able to outrun the Bismarck-class battleships. [13] The turrets could elevate at a rate of 13 degrees per second and traverse at 6 degrees per second. Battlecruiser classes used by various navies across the world. Alas, the demands of the war saw that the Kronshtadt was never built. We have created a browser extension. Furthermore, the armor plants proved to be incapable of making cemented plates over 230 mm and inferior face-hardened plates had to be substituted for all thicknesses over 200 millimeters (7.9 in). She was laid down 30 November 1939 and judged 10.6% complete when the Germans invaded. [3], It was already apparent that the 305 mm guns and turrets were well behind schedule when Joseph Stalin asked the German representatives in Moscow on 8 February 1940 to negotiate a trade agreement if it would be possible to use the triple 283-millimeter (11.1 in) turrets in lieu of the triple 305 mm turrets of the Project 69 ships. File:Kronshtadt3.jpg. [8], The Kronshtadt-class ships were provided with two KOR-2 flying boats which would be launched by the catapult mounted between the funnels. When elements of Scharnhorst class battlecruisers built in Germany became known, Committee of Defense in the end of June, 1938 has made a decision to include to the tasks of designed cruisers operations against these German opponents. These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the Great Purge in 1937. It asked for another design, displacing 23,000 metric tons (22,637 long tons) and armed with 254-millimeter (10.0 in) guns, i… The turrets were based on the MK-2 turrets planned for the Project 25 large cruiser. These ships had a complex and prolonged design proces Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. These had two 8-meter (26 ft 3 in) stereoscopic rangefinders, one to track the target and the other to measure the range to the ship's own shell splashes. Alas, the demands of the war saw that the Kronshtadt was never built. The forward turrets were inboard and above the outer turrets which provided both turrets with good arcs of fire. Two KDP-4t-II directors, with two 4-meter (13 ft 1 in) rangefinders each, controlled the secondary armament. They were … So the middle deck was thickened to 90-millimeter (3.5 in) with the lower deck intended to catch any splinters penetrating the armor deck. These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the Great Purge in 1937. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II, but were completed later in the early 1950s. The Soviets envisioned one of these projects, the Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser, to be faster than Germany’s Bismarck-class battleship and more powerful than the Scharnhorst. This category has the following 20 subcategories, out of 20 total. After the Second World War, the Navy had no further use for them … Nation: Soviet Union. This is why the Soviets bought twelve surplus 38-centimeter (15.0 in) SK C/34 guns, and their twin turrets, similar to those used in the Bismarck-class battleships, from Germany in 1940. The Soviets envisioned one of these projects, the Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser, to be faster than Germany’s Bismarck-class battleship and more powerful than the Scharnhorst. [6] All of these changes added over 1,000 metric tons (984 long tons) to the ships' displacement and the sketch design was completed by 16 October 1940, as Project 69-I (Importnyi—Imported), even though they still lacked data for the turrets and their barbettes. But in 1944, Soviet premier Joseph Stalin rebooted the concept for a namesake ship, the Stalingrad-class battlecruiser. Would you like Wikipedia to always look as professional and up-to-date? It ranged from 2.36 to 3.24 rounds per minute depending on the elevation. Work on these ships ceased shortly after the German invasion. AA guns. [9], The Soviet shipbuilding and related industries proved to be incapable of supporting the construction of the four Sovetsky Soyuz-class battleships as well as the two Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers at the same time. It is also part of the Battlecruisers of Russia series, a featured topic. It was a smaller and less-expensive counterpart to the Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers of 1939. @aizenns The Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser of the USSR was intended for 38 cm cannons. The Stalingrad-class Battlecruiser was a class of 10 Battlecruisers ordered in 1943. Several designs were proposed, but rejected by the … Type: Battlecruiser. [9], Maximum speed was estimated at 31 knots (57 km/h; 36 mph), using the revised propeller design, although forcing the machinery would yield an extra knot. The detailed design was supposed to be completed by 15 October 1941, but it was rendered pointless when the Germans invaded the Soviet Union in June. These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the Great Purge in 1937. They produced a total of 210,000 shp (156,597 kW). The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers had their origin in a mid-1930s requirement for a large cruiser (Russian: bol'shoi kreiser) capable of destroying 10,000-long-ton (10,160 t) cruisers built to the limits imposed by the Washington Naval Treaty, to which the Soviets were not a signatory. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, ("Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69"), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. While the Frunze was intended to use B-38 16in guns, time overruns led to 15in guns from Germany being imported to use. We will never know how this Battlecruiser would perform in battle, as the two ships of the class: Kronshtadt and Sevestapol would never be completed, due to the aforementioned limitations of Soviet heavy industries at the time, and the eventual commencement of the Great Patriotic War; with most of their resources reallocated for other uses. 10/7/1938 the Basic technical development plans on designing of a heavy cruiser of project 69 have been approved. Twelve 7u-bis water-tube boilers worked at a pressure of 37 kg/cm2 (3,628 kPa; 526 psi) and temperature of 380 °C (716 °F). However, with the Kronshtadt, the B-38 guns were prepared in time for use on … [14], Heavy anti-aircraft (AA) fire was provided by eight 56-caliber 100 mm B-34 dual-purpose guns in four twin turrets mounted at the aft end of the superstructure with the aft turrets mounted inboard of the forward turrets. The Navy's Shipbuilding Administration thought that the original secondary armament of 130-millimeter (5.1 in) guns was too small and that the armor on the turrets, conning tower and the forward transverse bulkhead was too thin. Side view as the design appeared in early 1939. Armor plate production was even more problematic as only 27,438 metric tons (27,005 long tons) were delivered in 1940 of the anticipated 30,000–32,000 metric tons (29,526–31,495 long tons) and 30–40% of that was rejected. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. Hiei, Kongo-Class Battlecruiser - 1926 The potential follow up is the Amagi-Class Battlecruiser. Before the Germans evacuated the city they damaged her building slip and hull with explosives and made her a constructive total loss. This is why the Soviets bought twelve surplus 38-centimeter (15.0 in) SK C/34 guns, and their twin turrets, similar to those used in the Bismarck-class battleships, from Germany in 1940. The Admiral Class (Hood), Kongo class and Amagi class were conceived and built (in the case of the Hood) as battlecruisers IRL. battlecruiser vs heavy cruiser Author: Date: December 2, 2020 December 2, 2020 Two mounts were abreast the forward funnel, two just abaft the rear funnel and the last two on the centerline of the aft superstructure superfiring over the rear main-gun turret. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. As a response to the German Scharnhorst-class battle cruisers, Stalin’s government had also ordered three battle cruisers that were laid down in 1939 and were designed to mount nine 16-inch guns. [7], The hull form was very full with a block coefficient of 0.61 which compared badly to the 0.54 of the Dunkerque, the 0.52 of the German O-class battlecruiser or the 0.5266 of the American Alaska-class cruiser. He then asked if twin 380-millimeter (15.0 in) turrets could be used instead. Some of her material was used during the Siege of Leningrad to repair other ships and in defensive works, but she could have been finished after the end of the war. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. The main armor deck, which was even with the top of the waterline belt, was 90 millimeters (3.5 in) thick and a 30-millimeter (1.2 in) splinter deck was underneath it, although it tapered to 15 millimeters (0.59 in) in thickness over the torpedo protection system. This meant that a lot of horsepower was necessary to achieve even modest speeds. To install click the Add extension button. Only Kronshtadt's hull survived the war reasonably intact being 10% complete in 1945, although she was considered to be obsolete. Until 1989 not even a tentative general arrangement drawing had been published; more was known [16] The guns fired .732-kilogram (1.61 lb) shells at a muzzle velocity of 880 m/s (2,887 ft/s). These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and … Soviet Kronstadt battlecruiser - hypotheticals. But in 1944, Soviet premier Joseph Stalin rebooted the concept for a namesake ship, the Stalingrad-class battlecruiser. The electrical plant originally consisted of four 1200 kW turbo generators and four 650 kW diesel generators, but these were upgraded for the Project 69-I ships. [5] The new turrets required more electrical power which meant that the output of the turbo generators had to be increased to 1,300 kilowatts. Kronshtadt— Soviet promo premium Tier IX cruiser. Kronshtadt was laid down 30 November 1939 and judged 10.6% complete when the Germans invaded She was ordered scrapped on 24 March 1947 While the naval war in the Atlantic was winding down, the Soviet Admiralty decided to order the ships not only to further modernize their fleet, but to challenge the massive … The displacement of the two Project 69-I-class ships increased to 36,250 metric tons (35,677 long tons) at standard load and 42,831 metric tons (42,155 long tons) at full load which increased the draft to 9.7 meters (31 ft 10 in) at full load while the waterline length grew to 242.1 meters (794 ft 3 in) simply because the extra draft submerged more of the sharply raked stem and spoon-shaped stern. The guns had a maximum range of 35,550 meters (38,880 yd) with an 800-kilogram (1,800 lb) shell at a muzzle velocity of 820 m/s (2,700 ft/s). The Soviets envisioned one of these projects, the Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser, to be faster than Germany’s Bismarck-class battleship and more powerful than the Scharnhorst. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. The normal fuel oil capacity was 2,920 metric tons (2,874 long tons), which provided an estimated endurance of 1,100 nautical miles (2,000 km; 1,300 mi) at full speed. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, ("Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69"), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. 4 x twin 6 in guns. The single-reduction, impulse-reduction geared steam turbines were an imported Brown Boveri design shared with the Sovetsky Soyuz-class battleship, but the factory in Kharkiv that was to build them never finished a single turbine before the Germans invaded. The first two ships, the Kronshtadt and Sevastopol’, were laid down in November 1939 before the plan was finally approved at the Marti yard at Leningrad and the No. That's it. Both ships, Kronshtadt and Sevastopol were commissioned in 1936. Construction of the ships was delayed as many domestic factories were already overloaded with orders and some components had to be ordered from abroad. Nickname: Kron, Project 69, Birthdate: November 30, 1939. The Soviets envisioned one of these projects, the Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser, to be faster than Germany’s Bismarck-class battleship and more powerful than the Scharnhorst. Prototypes of neither had been completed by the time the Germans invaded. The Kronshtadts were specifically built to counter the threat of the german Bismarck-class. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, ("Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69"), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. Each of the directors had 14 mm of armor as did the 37 mm gun mounts. Two ships were started but … Pages in category "World War II battlecruisers of the Soviet Union" This category contains only the following page. Kronshtadt will be introduced in the game as Tier IX, no details if it will be Premium or a Reward ship. The funnels had 20 mm armor for their entire height above the deck and a 50 mm box protected the smoke generators. Project 69: Kronshtadt-class Battlecruiser this took some time, but I had exams to pass >_> Some design elements were taken from the World of Warships version of this ship. After WW2, the Navy had … Krupp had six incomplete turrets on hand that had originally been ordered before the war to rearm the Scharnhorst-class battleships, but they were cancelled after the start of World War II when the Germans decided that they could not afford to have the ships out of service during the war. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II.These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and … These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the Great Purge in 1937. 4 x twin 100mm Dual Purpose guns. 6 x twin 37mm AA guns. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. ?GFCS … The battlecruiser … Similarly the 37-millimeter (1.5 in) anti-aircraft guns behind turret number three had to be raised as well. [12], The secondary armament consisted of eight 57-caliber B-38 152 mm guns mounted in four twin-gun turrets concentrated at the forward end of the superstructure. The largest warships built in the Soviet Union prior to 1938 were the 8,000-metric-ton (7,874-long-ton) Kirov-class cruisers and even they had suffered from a number of production problems, but the Soviet leadership preferred to ignore the industrial difficulties when making their plans. Another problem were the 305 mm guns and turrets as the armament factories were focused on the higher-priority guns for the Sovetsky Soyuz-class battleships. It was completed in 1948.[22]. They were laid down in 1939, with an estimated completion date in 1944, but Stalin's naval construction program was more ambitious than the shipbuilding and armaments industries could handle. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the Great Purge in 1937. Earlier models. The ships were partially redesigned to accommodate them, after construction had already begun, but no turrets were actually delivered before Operation Barbarossa. The Kronshtadt Class Battlecruiser was the lighter Soviet counterpart to the Sovetskaya Rossiya-class battleship. The Stalingrad-class Battlecruiser was a class of 10 Battlecruisers ordered in 1943. A heavy cruiser was designed before the Second World War as an intermediate between the light cruiser Kirov and Chapayev classes and the Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers.The specification, or OTZ in Russian, was issued in May 1941, but plans were shelved with the invasion of the Soviet Union by Germany.Construction was proposed again in … So limit is higher than 30.5 cm. They fired 15.6-kilogram (34 lb) high explosive shells at a muzzle velocity of 900 m/s (3,000 ft/s); this provided a maximum range of 22,400 meters (24,500 yd) against surface targets, but their maximum ceiling against aerial targets was 15,000 meters (49,000 ft). [20], The ships were originally intended to be laid down 1 September 1939, but they were delayed until November to allow improvements to the shipyards to be completed. [18], Two KDP-8-III fire-control directors were used to control the main armament. She carried 305 mm main guns with a very long firing range. Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers. Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser has been listed as one of the Warfare good articles under the good article criteria.If you can improve it further, please do so. They were similar in size and cost to a battleship, and typically carried the same kind of heavy guns, but generally carried less armour and were faster.The first battlecruisers were designed in the United Kingdom in the first decade of the century, as a development of the armoured … The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, (Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69 ), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. It was deemed superior to the Kongos at medium range and inferior to the Dunkerques at the same range, but generally superior to the Scharnhorsts, although it is doubtful that the Soviets were fully aware of the true specifications of the Kongōs as rebuilt or of the Scharnhorsts as the displacement of the latter had been given as 26,000 metric tons (25,589 long tons), more than 5,000 metric tons (4,921 long tons) short of their true displacement. This was presented to the State Defense Committee on 11 February 1941, but the design was not approved until 10 April when it ordered that the first two ships be completed with German guns while the others would continue to use the 305 mm guns. The battlecruiser … At this time the horizontal protection was revised after full-scale trials revealed that a 500-kilogram (1,100 lb) bomb would penetrate both a 40-millimeter (1.6 in) upper deck and a 50-millimeter (2.0 in) middle deck to burst on the main armor deck. She was judged obsolete and the Soviets considered converting her into an aircraft carrier, but the idea was rejected and both hulls were scrapped in 1947. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. They were still on the slipways when the Germans invaded in 1941 and construction was suspended. Two of these were protected by 20 mm (0.79 in) of armor and were mounted atop the rear superstructure and the tower-mast. Their maximum range was 8,000 meters (26,247 ft). A total of sixteen ships were planned in the August 1939 building program, but this was scaled back to four in July 1940 and two in October 1940 when it became clear just how unprepared the Soviets were for any large-scale naval construction program. Kronshtadt Preview. Paint by Number kits aren’t just for kids. The Kronshtadt Class Battle Cruisers* by V. lu. Naval Front-Line Wiki is a FANDOM Games Community. However, this decision occurred right before the Great Purge began to hit the Navy in August 1937 and two of the ship's designers were arrested and executed within a year. But in 1944, Soviet premier Joseph Stalin rebooted the concept for a namesake ship, the Stalingrad-class battlecruiser. They could elevate to a maximum of 85° and depress to -8°. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. A large gunship officially designated as a heavy cruiser but more of a high-speed "small battleship" by technical characteristics. They had a fixed loading angle of 6° and their rate of fire varied with the time required to relay the gun. [16], The ships had relatively light armor. The forward boiler room contained eight boilers and was followed by an engine room for the two wing propeller shafts. The Soviets considered converting her into an aircraft carrier, but the idea was rejected and both hulls were scrapped in 1947. The order also included 10-meter (33 ft) rangefinders and 150-centimeter (59 in) searchlights. This page was last edited on 20 February 2018, at 17:57 (UTC). The start of World War I slowed … You could also do it yourself at any point in time. Their rate of fire also varied with the elevation from 7.5 to 4.8 rounds per minute. The ships were partially redesigned to accommodate them, after construction had already begun, but no turrets were actually delivered before Germany invaded the following year. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers had their origin in a mid-1930s requirement for a large cruiser (Russian: bol'shoi kreiser) capable of destroying 10,000-long-ton (10,160 t) cruisers built to the limits imposed by the Washington Naval Treaty, of which the Soviets were not a signatory. Germany and Russia designed new battlecruisers during this period, though only the latter laid down two of the 35,000-ton Kronshtadt class. Class: Kronshtadt-Class ⚔ Armament ⚔ Main Weapon. [6], The power plant was laid out on a unit system. Usov (Translation and commentary by Evan Mawdsley ) [Translator's note] The Soviet battle cruisers Kronshtadt and Sevastopol (Project 69) have been among the mysteries of world capital-ship construction. If you can update or improve them, please do so. There was the Stalingrad Class Battlecruiser which had the Stalingrad Moscow (Moskva) and Krontadt, the one they showed was a Stalingrad Class Kronstadt image provided, the one with 15 inch guns was the Kronstadt Class a Battlecruiser that came before the Stalingrad and wasn't even approved due to the start of the war and the plans was lost for it. They were … These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the … By this time, however, details were becoming available for the Scharnhorst-class battleships and the ship was deemed inferior to the German ships. Alas, the demands of the war saw that the Kronshtadt was never built. These ships had a complex and prolonged design process which was hampered by constantly changing requirements and the Great Purge in 1937. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. Each section is labeled with a small number to show you the correct paint color so artists of all ages and experience levels can achieve impressive results. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers are a class of battlecruisers developed in the 1930s by the Soviet Union for the Soviet Navy in the early 1930s. [19], Machinery problems were likely to delay the ships well past their intended delivery dates of 1943–44. Prototypes of the armament and machinery had not even been completed by 22 June 1941, almost two years after the start of construction. [21], Kronshtadt (Russian: Кронштадт) was built by the Shipyard No. Their elevation limits were -5° to +45° with a fixed loading angle of 8°. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. The gun fired 470-kilogram (1,040 lb) armor-piercing projectiles at a muzzle velocity of 900 m/s (3,000 ft/s); this provided a maximum range of 47,580 meters (52,030 yd). Nevertheless, the Stalingrad class would have made a fearsome line of vessels. The admiral's bridge was protected with 50 mm armor. In the 1930s the Soviets began development of a large cruiser ("bol'shoi kreiser") capable of destroying 10,000-long-ton (10,160 t) cruisers built to the limits imposed by the Washington Naval Treaty, which the Soviets had not signed. Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser: | | | ||| | Side view as the design appeared in ear... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. [13] They could traverse at a rate of 12° per second and elevate at 10° per second. [1], However the Soviet Navy still felt a need for a fast ship that could deal with enemy cruisers and the original concept was revived as Project 69. She was captured by the Germans when they occupied Nikolayev in late 1941, but the Germans did little with her other than to use some of her material for defensive positions and some was apparently shipped to Germany. Right elevation of Kronshtadt class. The Project 25 design was then rejected on the grounds that it was too weak compared to foreign ships and the whole program was cancelled in early 1938 after an attempt to modify the design with larger guns had been made. Drawbacks: weak AA defenses. Our Paint by Number kits for adults feature real canvases with detailed line art to fill in. Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea! [15], Light AA defense was handled by six quadruple, water-cooled mounts fitted with 37 mm (1.5 in) 70-K guns. Text is available under … Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser: | | | ||| | Side view as the design appeared in ear... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69 ), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. They had a maximum range of 30,085 meters (32,901 yd) with a 50-kilogram (110 lb) shell at a muzzle velocity of 915 m/s (3,000 ft/s). [22], Sevastopol (Russian: Севастополь) was built by Shipyard No. Alas, the demands of the war saw that the Kronshtadt was never built. These are identified as among the best series of articles produced by the Wikipedia community. Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser; Last edited on 20 February 2018, at 17:57. A battlecruiser, or battle cruiser, was a large capital ship built in the first half of the 20th century. The secondary turrets had 100 mm faces with 50-millimeter (2.0 in) sides and roofs and 75-millimeter (3.0 in) barbettes. Several designs were submitted by the end of 1935, but the Navy was not satisfied and rejected all of them. Her dismantling began shortly afterwards and was completed the following year. The guns could be depressed to −3° and elevated to 45°. This list may not reflect recent changes . Prototypes of the armament and machinery had not even been completed by 22 June 1941, almost two years after the start of construction. Stalin's decision that the Project 69 ships would use three shafts increased the shaft loading and reduced propulsive efficiency, although it did shorten the length of the armored citadel and thus overall displacement. She was laid down on 5 November 1939 and estimated as 11.6% complete on 22 June 1941. The dual-purpose guns were controlled by two, later three, stabilized directors, each with a 3-meter (9 ft 10 in) rangefinder. 3 x twin 15 in guns. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. The Stalingrad-class battlecruiser, also known as Project 82 (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 82), was a Soviet battlecruiser design from 1941. Battleship 'B' was redesignated as Project 25 and given the task of destroying Treaty cruisers and German pocket battleships. The Kronshtadt class battlecruisers would have displaced some 42000 tons, and probably would have carried either 9 12” guns in three triple turrets of six 15” guns in three twin turrets. Hull: Engine: Gun Fire Control System : Main battery?Kronstadt?Propulsion: 231,000 h.p. The big problem is definition. When elements of Scharnhorst class battlecruisers built in Germany became known, Committee of Defense in the end of June, 1938 has made a decision to include to the tasks of designed cruisers operations against these German opponents. The metacentric height was 2.8 meters (9 ft 2 in) for the 305 mm gunned ships, but dropped to 2.58 meters (8 ft 6 in) in the 380 mm gunned ships. It was a smaller and less-expensive counterpart to the Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers of 1939. The underwater protection was an American-style design with a bulge and four longitudinal bulkheads intended to withstand a 500-kilogram (1,102 lb) warhead of TNT. Name: Kronshtadt. Their rate of fire was 2.3 rounds per minute. Her building slip was too short for her entire length so her stern was built separately. I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like. Main article: Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser. Much of the design work was accomplished by using naval engineers abducted from the British Empire, Japan and United States (and later UAPR).. Secondary Weapons. The Stalingrad-class battlecruiser, also known as Project 82 (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 82), was a Soviet battlecruiser design from 1941. The upper deck was only 14 millimeters (0.55 in) thick and was intended to initiate shell and bomb fuzes. The riveted hull was subdivided by 24 transverse bulkheads and used longitudinal framing in the citadel, but transverse framing for the structure fore and aft of the citadel. [4], The Soviets never did get the detailed data required to redesign the ship's barbettes and magazines, but they did know that the 380-mm barbettes was bigger in diameter than that of the 305 mm turret as well as taller than the Russian turrets. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers are a class of battlecruisers developed in the 1930s by the Soviet Union for the Soviet Navy in the early 1930s. The Kronshtadt class battlecruisers would have displaced some 42000 tons, and probably would have carried either 9 12” guns in three triple turrets of six 15” guns in … There were two other small boilers for harbor service and to power the auxiliary machinery. These ships were designed to be an even cheaper companion to the preceding Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser.. The forward transverse 330-millimeter (13.0 in) bulkhead was 330 mm thick while the rear bulkhead was 275 millimeters (10.8 in) thick. Their barbettes were protected with 330 mm of armor. Kronshtadt Preview Kronshtadt Modules. Two ships were started but none were completed due to World War II. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. A preliminary purchase agreement was made to buy twelve guns and six turrets later that month, well before any studies were even made to see if the substitution was even possible. Shipbuilding steel proved to be in short supply in 1939–1940 and a number of batches were rejected because they did not meet specifications. The belt was 185 meters (606 ft 11 in) long and covered 76.8 percent of the waterline; forward of this was a 20 mm belt that extended all the way to the bow. A revised, 35,000-ton design with 152-millimeter (6.0 in) guns and extra armor was submitted to the State Defense Council in January 1939. The Project 25 design was accepted in mid-1937 after major revisions in the armor scheme and the machinery layout and four were ordered with construction to begin in late 1937 and early 1938. The Kronshtadt-class battlecruisers, with the Soviet designation as Project 69 heavy cruisers, (Russian: Тяжёлые крейсера проекта 69), were ordered for the Soviet Navy in the late 1930s. 194, Marti in Leningrad. : Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser is part of the Battlecruisers of the world series, a featured topic.It is also part of the Battlecruisers of Russia series, a featured topic. These ships were designed to be an even cheaper companion to the preceding Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser.. https://naval-frontline.fandom.com/wiki/Kronshtadt_class_battlecruiser Battleship ' B ' was redesignated as Project 69 heavy cruisers, were ordered the... 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