It is the only species in the monotypic genus Olneya. This cold sensitive plant is found below 2500 feet (762 m) in elevation, which means that it grows on the west side of Tucson, but not on the higher elevation east side. Heat tolerant. This clone is different from Olneya Tesota with its slightly faster growth rate, v-shaped upright form, and larger leaflets. Olneya tesota is a perennial flowering tree of the Fabaceae family, legumes (peas, beans, etc), which is commonly known as Ironwood or Desert Ironwood. Water Requirements: Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping. This characteristic makes desert ironwood a very effective weapon. Average Dried Weight: About 75 lbs/ft 3 (1,210 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): ~.97, ~1.21. Soil Type: 15% Organic Mulch. 28 more photos VIEW GALLERY. Has thorns. This listing is for Sonoran Desert Ironwood (olneya tesota) bookmatched jaguar pattern burl knife scales turning wood turning blanks. Tree Size: 20-30 ft (6-10 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. inland southern California desert. The Sonoran Desert is located in southwestern Arizona, southern California, and the northwestern part of Mexico. It measures 33 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 198 inches and a crown spread of 55 feet. Zone 9a/9b. The tree known in the U.S./Mexico borderlands as desert ironwood or palo fierro (Olneya tesota) is one of many woody legumes found in washes and hillside drainages in the Sonoran Desert. The small shrubs growing nearby include Creosote Bush (Larrea tridentata) and Triangle-leaf Bursage (Ambrosia deltoidea). Pages in category "Olneya tesota" This category contains only the following page. Olneya tesota 'AZT' + Add: Desert Ironwood 'AZT : Previous Photo Next Photo Information by: Arid Zone Trees Photographer: Arid Zone Trees Description. You are here: Home. The desert ironwood tree, Olneya tesota, is a member of the legume family and is the only species in its genus. Olneya tesota Taxonomy ID: 168542 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid168542) current name. Although the extremely dense wood makes it difficult to do standard tree-ring dating, the Desert Ironwood has been estimated to be able to live for almost 800 years! Olneya tesota is a perennial flowering tree of the Fabaceae family, legumes (peas, beans, etc. Photo originally added to the PlantFiles on April 3, 2005. Observation Search (269 records) Plant Characteristics. The reason for its common name becomes immediately apparent if you ever tap the trunk with your knuckles. Ironwood – Olneya tesota. Additional information. Two-inch-long brown pods develop from the flowers, containing edible seeds that taste somewhat like peanuts. Little or no water. An increasing trend in desert ironwood (Olneya tesota) exploitation in Sonora has affected the population structure, growth, and recruitment of this species near the Gulf of California in the Sonoran desert. Scientific Name: Olneya tesota Common Name: Desert Ironwood Plant Characteristics. General Information Olneya tesota is a spiny, evergreen shrub or small tree with a deep taproot; it can grow 8 - 10 metres tall. An evergreen or semi-deciduous shrub or small tree to about 10 m tall with bluish green, pinnate leaves and masses of purple and white flowers. In seven years of selling ironwood I have only seen this pattern once before. Desert ironwood Olneya tesota, a dicot, is a tree that is native to California, is also found outside of California, but is confined to western North America. The IRONWOOD (also known as “Olneya tesota”) is a(n) Deciduous in the Desert class and part of our Trees department. Plant Distribution. Category: Trees. Evergreen tree or large shrub, growing slowly to 15-30' tall; 15-25' spread. Foliage Color: Unknown - Tell us. It is commonly found in the deserts of the Southwest, especially Arizona. Olneya tesota (Desert ironwood). The function of Olneya tesota (ironwood) as a nurse plant and habitat modifier species in the Sonoran Desert was evaluated at five study sites (using 75 250‐m 2 sample plots) from Bahia Kino, Sonora to Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument, Arizona. Catalog. Welcome to my photo place. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). More Information: FULL SUN, REFLECTED HEAT OK – HARDY TO … It prefers moist soil. Desert ironwood refers to the hard, heavy heartwood of this tree. This Arizona native is known around the world for its dense and heavy wood that is highly valued as quality firewood and as an exceptional woodworking material. Ironwood (Olneya tesota) FABACEAE Family: Fabaceae (fab-AY-see-ee) Genus: Olneya (OL-nee-yuh) Species: tesota (TES-oh-tuh) 5 members have or want this plant for trade. Ironwood Forest National Monument in southern Arizona is named for Olneya tesota. Flowers have purple wings and yellow or white petals. Photo originally added to the PlantFiles on April 3, 2005. Common Names: Arizona Ironwood, Palo-de-Hierro, Palo-de-Fierro Genus: Olneya Species: tesota The desert ironwood only grows in the washes and valleys of the Sonoran Desert below 2,500 foot elevation. Ironwood (Olneya tesota) FABACEAE . Beneath the canopy of O. tesota trees 75 perennial plant species were found. No Image. The ironwood tree (Olneya tesota) is also known as desert ironwood, palo fierro and tesota. Typically reaches a mature size of 20' x 20'. Common Name: Desert Ironwood. Ironwood Tree Olneya Tesota This Arizona native is known around the world for its dense and heavy wood that is highly valued as quality firewood and as an exceptional woodworking material. Desert Ironwood (Olneya tesota) Common Name(s): Desert Ironwood. Hopefully will get updated picture soon. Olneya tesota A. Olneya tesota Ironwood Water Usage: LOW WATER USE. Plant Name. Description: SLOW GROWING SPREADING SEMI-DECIDUOUS TREE. Olneya tesota (Ironwood) This was last spring. ironwood (Olneya tesota) occur on at least 30 million hectares in southwestern United States (Parker and Martin 1952) and may constitute a significant biofuels resource for southwestern United States. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. It ranks among the most ecologically and economically important plant species in the region. Olneya tesota as an indicator species of the Sonoran Desert region,  has one other species with the same identical north-south, and east-west range. It is estimated that only one in one thousand trees show this pattern and even then, in only a small area of the tree. Gray. Olneya tesota $ 25.00 . Height & Spread: HEIGHT 20 TO 30 FEET – SPREAD 20 TO 30 FEET . The wood is incredibly dense. O. Olneya tesota; Media in category "Olneya tesota" The following 37 files are in this category, out of 37 total. Ironwood (Olneya tesota) Ironwood is a flowering tree from the legume family. Here in the landscapes of the desert southwest, ironwood serves as an excellent evergreen screen against unsightly views and provides cooling shade as it grows. An indicator species. Ironwood Forest National Monument in southern Arizona is named for Olneya tesota. Ironwood – Olneya tesota . Olneya Species, Ironwood Olneya tesota. The trunk is gnarled, often several are produced as a result of trees being cut back by grazing or coppicing, they can have a diameter that often exceeds 45cm. Origin: Sonoran desert in … Hardy to 25°F. Olneya tesota range map.png 810 × 924; 93 KB. An Olneya tesota in Riverside County is registered as a California Big Tree. Olneya tesota A.Gray. Duration: Perennial Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub Arizona Native Status: Native Habitat: Desert. October 2011. Native to Sonoran Desert. Seeds for sale starting at € 4.50. One of the most important, and oldest, plants in the Sonoran Desert. Olneya tesota is a TREE growing to 9 m (29ft 6in) at a medium rate. preserve in Phoenix; late winter; in the rain. The leaves are compound with several lateral leaflets per leaf (even-1-pinnate). Growing insitu South Mtn. Ironwood. Ironwood blooms in May and June, though the intensity of flowering can vary from year to year. According to Pima County, Arizona, the ironwood tree is one of the longest-living and largest of all the plant life found in the Sonoran desert. This is from the rarest of ironwood trees. Ironwood (4568854806).gif 800 × 782; 489 KB. The inflorescence is an axillary raceme with 2–4 pea-type flowers. An indicator species. Distribution: Southwestern United States and Northwestern Mexico. It is the only species in the monotypic genus Olneya. Ironwood develops a thick, sometimes multiple-branched trunk. Foliage: Evergreen. ), which is commonly known as ironwood or desert ironwood. Zone 9a/9b. It is a medium-sized, deciduous tree seen growing throughout areas in Arizona, Baja California and the Sonora Desert in California. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. Arbusto Palo de Fierro.JPG 2,560 × 1,920; 1.22 MB. Scientific Name: Olneya tesota. Olneya tesota : Watercolor from live specimen found near New River, Maricopa Co., Arizona, 30 May 1993. Observed at Papago Park in Phoenix, Arizona, USA. Geographic subdivisions for Olneya tesota: PR, DSon : MAP CONTROLS 1. The branches grow upright at first then spread with age, even brushing the ground. View gallery. Ironwood trees are considered a keystone species in this region because they provide food and shelter for several species of animals and plants. Sun Exposure: Full Sun . Desert Ironwood. Peanut flavored seeds were roasted by Native Americans. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Olneya tesota Desert Ironwood, Ironwood ID: 0091 3182 0735 0038 Glenn and Martha Vargas © 2002 California Academy of Sciences. General: Ironwood Trees (Olneya tesolata) are trees of desert washes that can grow to be quite large and old. It has attractive gray bark and the stems are armed with thorns. Olneya tesota as an indicator species of the Sonoran Desert region,  has one other species with the same identical north-south, and east-west range. Native Americans in southern California used the ironwood for clubs and throwing sticks.