Small, white to pinkish, 5-petaled flowers occur abundantly in clusters on the plant in the spring. 2019 Status in Maine: Widespread.Very Invasive. Similar non-native species: Rugosa rose (Rosa rugosa) has pink flowers to 2" wide and stems with prickles all around. It is on the official list of invasive species in Maine, New Hampshire and Massachusetts. And in Maine, Massachusetts, and New Hampshire, multiflora rose is considered an invasive species. R. multiflora. The University of Maine is an EEO/AA employer, and does not discriminate on the grounds of race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, transgender status, gender expression, national origin, citizenship status, age, disability, genetic information or veteran’s status in employment, education, and all other programs and activities. How to use this page. Alert: Stay up to date on Maine's COVID-19 Response, DACF Home → 1991. The white multiflora rose, pictured here, is extremely invasive and it is in my yard and along most of the Nobleboro roads – and probably in your yard and along your roads or the edges of … This is the rangy, small-leaved shrub with sprays of one-inch white single roses in June. 1998. l Similar native plants: Virginia Rose (Rosa virginiana), Meadow Rose (Rosa blanda), & Pasture Rose (Rosa carolina) are smaller, without long arching stems and without flowers or hips clustered at cane tips. Augusta, ME 04333 It produces 1-2 delicate pink flowers on each inflorescence. INVASIVE SPECIES IN MAINE What is an invasive species? No responsibility is assumed for any problems associated with the use of products or services mentioned. Perhaps the most prevalent of Maine's invasive species is Rosa multiflora, the Japanese, rambler or multiflora rose. Josselyn Botanical Society of Maine. Also, all native roses have pink flowers. Birds and other wildlife eat the fruit and disperse the seeds. More Locations, Phone: (207) 287-3200 This page gives a list of domestic animals, also including a list of animals which are or may be currently undergoing the process of domestication and animals that have an extensive relationship with humans beyond simple predation. In Maine, it is documented in Oxford, Waldo, and York Counties, but likely occurs in more. It has long been admired for its delicate blooms. This rose is native to Japan and Korea, but has been used extensively in the U.S. as a "living fence." It can be useful to prevent dune erosion on beaches, and makes good cover for wildlife with its many prickers and dense foliage. Department of Conservation This fact sheet was made possible by a gift from New England Grows. Fruit are small, red rose hips that remain on the plant throughout the winter. Found in forest edges, old fields, as well as disturbed sites. Fax: (207) 287-2400 Cooperative Extension Publications , 4 Apr. The property is owned by the Maine Bureau of Parks and Lands with management assistance from Coastal Rivers. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Maine, Third Revision. Seeds viable in soil for up to 20 years. Flowers Small, white to pinkish, 5-petaled flowers occur abundantly in clusters on the plant in the spring. Producing fragrant, showy flowers in June and July, ornamental varieties of this rose are popular for planting in wet areas of the garden. The herbicides glyphosate and triclopyr are also effective. General Description: Multiflora rose is an exotic invasive … 18 Elkins Lane Gleason, H.A. Reproduction: By seed and rooting from twig tips. Birds and other wildlife eat the fruit and disperse the seeds. Tree Care (Arboriculture) ... (Fallopia japonica), and multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora) - to name a few. Description: Perennial, deciduous shrub, up to 20' tall, usually very branched, with arching canes that can grow up other plants into low tree branches.Canes have stout, recurved thorns. Eckardt, N. 1987. Multiflora rose, Rosa multiflora Thunberg ex. It has the distinction of being among the first plants to be named to Pennsylvania’s Noxious Weed List. Since then it has been widely planted for a variety of reasons, including wildlife food and cover, erosion control, and as a living fence to border properties or pen livestock. To verify the identity of this plant contact a natural resources professional. Its use was historically advocated by the U.S. The following person has been designated to handle inquiries regarding non-discrimination policies: Sarah E. Harebo, Director of Equal Opportunity, 101 North Stevens Hall, University of Maine, Orono, ME  04469-5754, 207.581.1226, TTY 711 (Maine Relay System). It is distinguished by the pairs of stout, downwardly curving spines that grace each node of the stem. Common Name: Multiflora rose Plant Taxonomy: Family Rosaceae. Use a 2% solution of glyphosate or triclopyr mixed with a 0.5% surfactant, and thoroughly wet the leaves. University of Maine, 5741 Libby Hall, Room 103, 4-H Camp & Learning Center at Bryant Pond, 4-H Camp & Learning Center at Greenland Point, 4-H Camp & Learning Centers at Tanglewood & Blueberry Cove, Insect Pests, Plant Diseases & Pesticide Safety, Affiliated Programs, Partners & Resources, Non-Discrimination Statement & Disability Resources, Register for Workshops, Classes, & Events. Multiflora rose is now naturalized (established and reproducing in the wild) throughout much of the United States. It reproduces from seeds or by rooting at the tip of arching stems that touch the ground. Changes in mowing patterns at the site had allowed Asiatic bittersweet and Multiflora rose to take hold and spread among the trees in recent years. Multiflora rose is native to eastern Asia. Orono, ME: Maine Agricultural and Forest Experiment Station. Find more of our publications and books at Specific Food Uses. Multiflora rose is a robust perennial shrub with thorny arching stems. 2019 Status in Maine: Widespread. Invasive species are the second-greatest threat to global biodiversity after loss of habitat. Multiflora Rose. Cooperative Extension. Canes have stout, recurved thorns. In other parts of its range, it is successful in the understory of hardwood forests. 2001. 1).It has been introduced into North America many times since the late 1700s as garden plants and as root stock for ornamental roses. The fringed petioles of Rosa multiflora usually distinguish it from most other rose species. Fruit: ~¼" round to oblong, red, rose "hips" clustered at twig tips. Pest Status of Weed. * Persistent cutting or mowing multiple times during the growing season over several years may kill the plant, but diligence is required. Large populations are sometimes associated with former plantings, but the plant has naturalized throughout much of the United States and continues to be spread with the help of birds. The fringed petioles of Rosa multiflora usually distinguish it from most other rose species. (many-flowered). Birds and mammals eat fruits and disperse seed. University of Maine Cooperative Extension Today, multiflora rose is regarded as an invasive species in many portions of its range. Like other roses, it forms small red pulpy fruits called hips, which may be eaten by birds. Displaying 1 to 20 of 31 Search Help. Introduced as an ornamental and escaped from cultivation during the late 19th century, it is now found in every county in Maine. For more information or for a more extensive list of references on invasive species contact: Don Cameron Smith, C.L. Fruit. Multiflora rose, baby rose, Japanese rose, seven-sisters rose, rambler rose, multiflowered rose. Arlington, VA: The Nature Conservancy in collaboration with the International Network of Natural Heritage Programs and Conservation Data Centers. Burman Land and Tree Company, LLC is a full service tree company serving the central and eastern Maine region, with a combined employee experience of over 135 years between four Licensed Arborists. Materials developed by the Maine Natural Areas Program for use by University of Maine Cooperative Extension. Multiflora rose is an aggressive plant that isn't particular about soil, moisture or light conditions. Multiflora Rose Shrub Rosa Multiflora leaves yellowish. Multiflora Rose; Firewood Scout – This site will help you locate “safe” firewood for sale in Maine. and A. Cronquist. Flowers. To aid in the absorption of the herbicide apply when temperatures are greater than 65 degrees F. Herbicides can also be used in combination with mechanical treatments or as a follow-up to a burn. Maine Natural Areas Program, Augusta ME 207-287-8044. Genus Rosa.Species: Rosa multiflora Thunb. Fruit Fruit are small, red rose hips that remain on the plant throughout the winter. 22 State House Station Consult a licensed herbicide applicator before applying herbicides over large areas. How arrived in U.S.: Rootstock for ornamental roses; also promoted for erosion control and living fences. It should be removed as soon as possible if it is found colonizing an area. A thicket of this plant in bloom is a dramatic sight. Similar native plants: Virginia Rose (Rosa virginiana), Meadow Rose (Rosa blanda), & Pasture Rose (Rosa carolina) are smaller, without long arching stems and without flowers or hips clustered at cane … There is a similar, native species—Rosa blanda (smooth rose) but the stipules of this species are not fringed, and the flowers are pink. Native To: Eastern Asia (Amrine 2002) Date of U.S. Introduction: Late 1700s (Amrine 2002) Means of Introduction: ... University of Maine. Thornless varieties exist, but they are uncommon. Multiflora rose can also be killed with a foliar application of herbicide. New York: New York Botanical Garden. Rosa rugosa (rugosa rose, beach rose, Japanese rose, Ramanas rose, or letchberry) is a species of rose native to eastern Asia, in northeastern China, Japan, Korea and southeastern Siberia, where it grows on beach coasts, often on sand dunes. Petiole is fringed at the base (stipule) where it attaches to twig; no other rose in Maine has this character. Multiflora rose is an aggressive colonizer of open unplowed land and is highly successful on forest edges. Multiflora rose was not always considered a nuisance. Please email [email protected] if you have questions about invasive species in Maine, Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry The University of Maine . To learn more about Multiflora rose, check out these additional resources: New England Wildflower Society. ); larger plants can be cut, but re-sprouting will occur. Tolerant of dry to moist soils. Description: Perennial, deciduous shrub, up to 20' tall, usually very branched, with arching canes that can grow up other plants into low tree branches. 207.287.8044, Matt Wallhead The Multiflora Rose (Rosa multiflora), also known as Japanese Rose is a native Asian rose that has become invasive in many parts of the United States and Canada. In Maine, it is documented in Oxford, Waldo, and York Counties, but likely occurs in more. Associated vegetation of multiflora rose thickets is often limited to a few tree stems that have managed to overtop the rose before the thicket developed. It wasn't such a great fence, since in our mid-Atlantic states it has become an invasive pest. Managing Multiflora Rose Multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora) is an invasive shrub that can develop into impenetrable, thorny thickets. Leaves: Pinnately compound, 5-11 leaflets, each ~1" long, with teeth. Raleigh, North Carolina: Department of Environmental and Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Recreation. Multiflora rose is now naturalized (established and reproducing in the wild) throughout much of the United States. Repeated mowing — at least six cuts per year near the ground for two or more years—can successfully eliminate light infestations. Introduced into the United States in the 1860s, multiflora rose was used as readily available rose root stock for rose breeding programs and as an ornamental garden plant. 207.581.2949. This plant was introduced from … Multiflora Rose. This prolific seed producer can create extremely dense, impenetrable thickets that crowd out other vegetation and inhibit regrowth of native plants. Goats will browse it but repeated, heavy damage over multiple years is required to kill established shrubs. Natural Heritage Databases. Bureaus & Programs → Maine Natural Areas Program → Communities, Plants, and Animals → Invasive Plants → Multiflora Rose. So, over the years, the multiflora rose has shifted in status from helpful shrub to noxious invasive. Species like Japanese barberry and multiflora rose can form thorny, impenetrable thickets in forests and agricultural fields. 495 College Avenue Just about everywhere, in fact, except the mountains and deserts of the West. Call 800.287.0274 (in Maine), or 207.581.3188, for information on publications and program offerings from University of Maine Cooperative Extension, or visit Mowing can prevent seedlings from establishing. Flowers: 5-parted, white to pale pink, ~1" wide, clustered at twig tips, blooms in June in Maine. Thornless varieties exist, but they are uncommon. " The University of Maine - Cooperative Extension Publications - Bulletin #2509, Multiflora Rose, Rambler Rose ." Multiflora rose is now naturalized (established and reproducing in the wild) throughout much of the United States. The Rugosa rose is an invasive species, originally from Japan. Element Stewardship Abstract for Rosa multiflora. Small plants and seedlings may be pulled up by the roots when soil is moist (wear gloves! Very Invasive. Multiflora Rose (Rambler rose) Rosa multiflora. Can occur in forest interior after disturbance such as timber harvest. It grows well along sandy dunes on the east coast from southern Canada to North Carolina and west to Wisconsin and the Great Lakes. Invasive alien species are plants, animals, or other organisms that are introduced to a given area outside their original range Invasive pests, including emerald ash borer (pictured), browntail moth, multiflora rose, Asiatic bittersweet, milfoil, green crabs and countless others, are harming Maine’s unique natural resources, recreation and tourism economy, and the livelihood, traditions, and health of thousands of Maine people. As a result, the multiflora rose is part of an exclusive group of 19 plants designated as invasive species in Maine. The rose rosette disease, a virus-like organism, has potential as an effective biocontrol agent for R. multiflora, although its use as a biological control agent has been opposed by the American Rose Society and by rosarians in general (Van Dreische et al., 2002). This species can be quite difficult to eliminate. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Like purple loosestrife, another of these 19, the flowers of the multiflora rose are very attractive. Multiflora rose grows vigorously after cutting, and animals will generally graze around it. The best method of controlling multiflora rose is to prevent it from becoming established in the first place. In multiflora rose, the stipules are fringed. It has alternately arranged compound leaves, generally with seven or nine leaflets. Rose hips make common components in edible preparations such as jelly, jam and syrup products. The best organic method to control it is by digging it out or pulling it with a tractor. Anyone who has attempted to traverse a thicket of this plant would have few kind words for it, as its interweaving, abundantly-thorned branches snag on clothes and hair and can be quite painful. It was promoted as a highway planting, a living fence, an erosion control agent, and a planting to attract wildlife. First introduced to the United States from Japan in 1886, multiflora rose was widely used as a rootstock for grafting cultivated roses. Bulletin #2509, Maine Invasive Plants: Multiflora Rose, Rambler Rose, Rosa multiflora (Rose Family), Developed by the Maine Natural Areas Program and University of Maine Cooperative Extension. Native range: Japan and Asia. conservation departments. [email protected], Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry, Chris Evans, University of Illinois,, Maine Cooperative Extension Fact Sheet for Multiflora Rose, Herndon Environmental Network, Virginia, Identification Video (5:30), Eno River Citizen Science, North Carolina, Identification Video (1:53), Herndon Environmental Network, Virginia (5:30). The best method of controlling multiflora rose is … Augusta, ME 04333-0093 It thrives in dense forests, along stream banks, in abandoned pastures and on savannah and prairie. Other horticultural roses escape infrequently and have fewer flowers, as well as other prickle arrangements. No endorsement of products or companies is intended, nor is criticism of unnamed products or companies implied. Regulations: The importation, distribution, trade, and sale of multiflora rose have been banned in Massachusetts effective January 1, 2009 (Massachusetts Prohibited Plant List website, 2012). Exotic Plant Guidelines. In Maine, it is documented in Oxford, Waldo, and York Counties, but likely occurs in more. Dense stands of multiflora rose can slow down forest regeneration: the species can dominate a forest understory. In areas where thickets have formed, it may be necessary to use a bulldozer to remove the plants. It forms large clusters of fragrant white or pink flowers that bloom from June to July. TTY Users Call Maine Relay 711 Multiflora rose prefers old fields, fencerows, power lines, roadsides, and forest edges. Bulletin #2509, Maine Invasive Plants: Multiflora Rose, Rambler Rose. Home / Terrestrial Invasives / Terrestrial Plants / Multiflora Rose / Multiflora Rose Resources. Soil Conservation Service and by some state conservation departments. Control. Orono, ME 04469 They were promoted in the northeastern United States and elsewhere as helpful in … Coarse mechanical removal by bulldozer or otherwise must be followed by removal of root sprouts or new growth from the seedbank if reinfestation is to be prevented. Similar native species: Native roses, but none of our native roses have a fringed base on the leaf petiole. Multiflora Rose Resources. Information in this publication is provided purely for educational purposes. For the everyday gardener in the U.S., this means that multiflora rose is a plant to be aware of and to avoid cultivating. Murray, is a non-indigenous rosaceous plant that is native to East Asia (Japan, Korea, and eastern China) (Fig. ex Murr. It was brought to North America in the late nineteenth century to be used in horticultural plantings. Habitat: Reaches largest size and fruiting capacity in full sun but is somewhat shade-tolerant. #93 State House Station 1995. Multiflora Rose Shrub Rosa Multiflora Fused pair of fringed leaf stipules at base of leaf stem. It tolerates both moist and relatively dry conditions. ... Maine Forest Service Insect and Disease Laboratory, Augusta ME 207-287-2431. This non-native multiflora rose is a serious threat to local yards. For information about UMaine Extension programs and resources, visit It can be distinguished from native roses by its long arching stems and numerous small white flowers or hips depending on the season. Herbicides† are effective as foliar applications (glyphosate or triclopyr solution), cut-stump application (glyphosate or triclopyr solution applied immediately after cutting except in early spring), or basal bark application (glyphosate or triclopyr ester in bark oil).