For maximum production of tomatoes, soils should have a facility of good drainage and it should be rich in all the essential organic matter. The mean temperature below 160C and above 270C is not desirable. After seed treatment, seeds should be drained off in a shade for about 40 to 50 minutes & sow directly on beds at about 0.5 cm to 0.6 depth followed by soil covering. Fresh-market tomatoes are usually sold loose in bulk containers. Spray the seedlings with Metasystox/Thiodan @ 2-2.5 ml/lit water and Dithane M-45 @ 2-2.5 g/lit water. Tomatoes respond very well to the application of manure and fertilizers and timely application of suitable manure and fertilizer in good proportion multiplies the yield of fruits many times. Here is below is a list of some tomato variety which is popular for high yielding capacity. Further, IIHR released Tomato varieties and other promising varieties suitable for Rain fed, processing, Bacterial wilt and TLCV also provided for the benefit of farmers and stakeholders involved in Tomato cultivation. The spacing recommended for the autumn-winter crop is 75 cm x 60 cm and for spring summer crop 75 cm x 45 cm. The cultivating land should be free from the extra material including weeds, rocks, etc and should have fine tilth form and friable conditions. Complete information on how to cultivate Arka Rakshak Tomato plant for farmers with official info from IIHR. Mono Ammonium Phosphate (MAP) may be used as a starter fertilizer to supply adequate phosphorus during germination and seedling stages. Small-scale production of weaning foods P, F, E 23. Seeds are treated with Thiram @ 3g/kg of seed to protect from seed born diseases. Growing Tomatoes in Containers. When to harvest tomatoes? Avoid water stress and long dry period as it causes cracking of fruits. However, yielding starts after 50 to 60 days of sowing. For indeterminate varieties/hybrids, the seedlings have to be staked using bamboo sticks of two-meter length or planted in the broad ridge of 90 cm width and 15 cm height. Hybrid seeds from F1 generation are advantageous for sowing as it gives early and high yield uniform fruity, resistant to adverse environmental conditions. Kurze E(1), Lo Scalzo R(2), Campanelli G(2), Schwab W(1). Also, incorporate the neem leaf or neem cake caster leaf or caster cake  @ 400 gm per sq. In the U.S., cultivation of tomato varieties is usually . The Kharif crop is transplanted in July, rabi crop in October – November and Zaid crop in February months. The invention discloses a cultivation method of a cherry tomato, and the cultivation method comprises the following steps of: selecting a cultivation environment, arranging crops for rotation, cultivating, carrying out top application, preventing and treating diseases and pests and the like; and finally harvesting. Pakistan Agriculture Research Council . Profitability from production of tomato and cucumber requires attention to the many details of crop culture. When it comes to the way of irrigation, irrigating with drip irrigation method is more preferred by farmers since it saves times and used water the best way, especially in those areas where there is water scarcity problem. A pH of 5.5- 6.8 is preferred. Cultivation along the seed line precedes hand-thin-ning and weeding in the seed line; no hand-weeding is necessary in transplanted fields at this stage. The ideal seedbed should be 60cm wide, 5-6cm long and 20-25cm high. But, take care that the water need of plants depends on soil moisture level, soil type, and climate conditions. Climate, Soil Requirement, Irrigation for tomato cultivation. Tomato Seed and sowing: Tomato is generally cultivated by transplanting seedlings on ridges and furrows. On-farm fish culture P, F, E 22. Required fields are marked *. As such, this study is a preliminary inves ga on of this sub-sector and aims to capture broad market trends and issues raised through consulta ons with . The quality of fruits is also impacted by the climate and growing temp. It increases the length of time tomatoes are available and improves buyer interest in the area. It is also helpful in achieving desirable acidic fruits flavor. Basically, tomatoes are native to Peruvian land and the region around Mexico. Aug 2, 2020 By Vasu 2 Comments. Favourable climate conditions and weather throughout the world. We will be updating Tunnel Cultivation soon. In tomato production, propagation is mainly done with the help of seeds. Tomatoes can be planted with mulch, grown in straw bales, or in containers. Now I have the plan to do for tomato cultivation. Early germinating, bold, uniform in shape and size, seeds are selected for sowing. The most important thing is you can grow tomato even in a small piece of land. Limited land production also resulted in reduced tomato production. Soil depth 15 to 20cm proves to be good for a healthy crop. For the 1st crop, transplanting of seedling should be done from Dec to Jan. For the 2nd crop, transplanting of seedling should be done from June to July. Because of this, farmers can expect higher yield, high quality, fast growth, and nutritious tomatoes. In tomato production, propagation is mainly done with the help of seeds. Tomato Cultivation; Farming Techniques – A Complete Guide. India has been exporting processed tomato in the form of tomato paste and ketchup. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Tomato Farming Introduction, Process and Profit Guide. In heavy soil, it is usually transplanted on ridges and during the rains also it is advantageous to plant the seedlings on ridges. Generally, about 125 kg of Nitrogen, 50 kg of Potassium and 50 kg of Phosphorous is essential for commercial tomato cultivation. Half nitrogen and full P2O5 is given at the time of transplanting and remaining nitrogen is given after 30 days and 60 days of transplanting. The major keys to successful greenhouse production of tomato and cucumber are presented in this publication. However, in growing tomatoes water stress and a long dry spell may result in cracking of tomato fruits. Bright sunshine at the time of fruit set helps to develop dark red colored fruits. Cultivation of tomato P, F, E 18. The coumaric acid & chlorogenic acid content of tomatoes is found to be beneficial in fighting against nitrosamines. But, when germination starts in beds, mulching should be discarded immediately and the beds are covered by using fine nylon net to avoid virus transmitting insects and diseases. They are able to grow well up to an elevation of 1650 meters and little more in the tropical and subtropical climate conditions. Note that a long spell of drought situation followed by immediate heavy watering at the time of fruit set may result in fruit cracking problem. A seed rate of 400 to 500g/ha is required. Just grow the suitable one and produce optimum. They also keep digestive system happy and healthy by preventing us from diarrhea and constipation problem. It requires different climatic range for seed germination, seedling growth, flower and fruit set, and fruit quality. 2014; De Marco et al. The most important considerations while growing organic tomatoes include the variety selection, crop rotation, soil fertility, pest control, and weed control.These considerations are applicable to organic tomato gardening as well.. They can be raised over a wide range of soil including sandy soils to heavy clayey soils. 2013). Mulching by green leaves should be done after sowing seeds on nursery beds. There are many types of improved variety of tomato created for commercial tomato cultivation. Tomato: Role of Pests Control in Tomato Cultivation. Clods and stubbles should be removed from the seedbed. The picking is done for every 10 to 15 days interval from the date of 1 st picking. Heavily infected plants must be uprooted and destroyed immediately. Besides growing on the large-scale commercial field, these vegetables can also be grown as greenhouse tomatoes, poly house tomatoes, hydroponic tomatoes, along with pots and containers. The cultivar or variety you choose should also set a high number of fruit per plant. Two-three hoeing and the earthing up are required to keep the crop free of weeds. Crop rotations, which assist in breaking life cycles of insects and pests, is a traditional means of pest control. Field cultivation of tomatoes; Facility processing; This analysis ended at the facility gate. You can actually start growing tomatoes after the frost disappears. Within a time span of three months of planting on the main field or about one month of flowering stage, tomatoes attain their maturity to become ready for harvesting. One of the breakthroughs in farming today is without using soil media known as hydroponic cultivation. Tomato | Scientific Name & Botanical Name, The scientific name or botanical name of tomato is “, Tomatoes contain a significant amount of the lycopene, an antioxidant which is highly beneficial in scavenging of cancer via reducing free radicals content. Tomatoes are processed into tomato sauce, whole pealed, tomato and onion bruises, paste, shredded, puree and paste concentrate. For the 3rd crop, transplanting of seedling should be done from Sept to Oct. Joep Van Lidt De Jeude. Dig a hole for each tomato plant. Propagating and planting trees P, F, E 20. Use a large pot or container with drainage holes in the bottom. One is in the green salad as fresh, in cooked food recipes and as process tomato products like sauce, juice, puree, ketchup, etc. Tomatoes are even planted in soil media and often experience crop failures caused by pests and diseases. The tomato fruit quality depends on the variety or cultivar chosen for cultivation since there many kinds of hybrid varieties are present in the local market in the different portion of the world. Tomato Growing has a climatic requirements quite high compared with other Solanaceae, so in temperate or cold climates, it is necessary production environments for their development, that’s why greenhouses are crucial for tomato growing.. The first one should be given at the time of transplanting seedlings on the ground whereas the 2nd and 3rd one should be given after about one month and two months of seedling transplanting. Urban agriculture P, F, E 25. A bright sunlight at the time of fruit set may yield fruits with attractive color. Deep cultivation is injurious because of the damage of roots and exposure of moist soil to the surface. It is usually cultivated in sub-tropical and mild cold climatic regions. The conditions for Tomato growing are: Daytime temperature about 20-30 °C and 15-17 °C over night; Vegetative minimum temperature of 12 ° C and … A fertilizer dose of 75:40:25 kg N:P 2O5:K2O/hectare may be given. All weeds should also be removed in this process. Place the tomato plant a little lower in the ground than it was in the container. . Application of balanced fertilizer on requirement basis is essential to obtain desirable yield. Climate and Soil. meter to protect nematodes effectively. Tomatoes actually can be grown throughout the year. As the fruit production and quality depends upon nutrient availability and fertilizer application so balance fertilizer are applied as per requirement. Arka Saurabh, Arka Vikas, Arka Ahuti, Arka Ashish, Arka Abha , Arka Alok, HS101, HS102, HS110, Hisar Arun, Hisar Lalima, Hisar Lalit, Hisar Anmol, KS.2, Narendra Tomato 1, Narendra Tomato 2,  Pusa Red Plum,  Pusa Early Dwarf, Pusa Ruby, Co-1, CO 2, CO 3, S-12, Punjab Chhuhara, PKM 1, Pusa Ruby, Paiyur-1, Shakthi, SL 120, Pusa Gaurav, S 12, Pant Bahar, Pant T3, Solan Gola and Arka Meghali. Make sure of heavy rains, excessive hot winds along with high humidity since such conditions may lead to complete destruction of this fruit crop. They are rich in almost all kinds of minerals and vitamins including vitamin C, vitamin K, vitamin A, Iron, vitamin B6, potassium, magnesium, phosphorous, manganese, copper along with good dietary fiber content. Deep tillage can allow for adequate root penetration in heavy clay type soils, which allows for production in these soil types. … This Agrodok focuses on good practices for growing a healthy tomato crop and obtaining a reasonably steady yield. They also have higher fiber content which is pretty beneficial for good weight management. Because of plentiful benefits of potatoes, there is great demand for potato products in both local and international market. The plant doesn’t withstand frost, it requires low to medium rainfall, and does well under an average monthly temperature of 21 to 230C. Irrigate the seedbed twice a day till the seeds germinate. Transplantation should be done on the basis of availability of irrigation facilities. this plants grown throughout the world.. The picking of fruits varies according to the purpose. Capsicum cultivation Process. Some of the conditions that play an important role in growing tomatoes hydroponically are: Technology/ process which was intervened for its success In the year 1999, scientists from KVK Shimla at Rohru conducted a survey of Nerwa area of tehsil Chopal district Shimla for exploring the area for cultivation of off- season vegetable crops. Since July 2017, a section dedicated to these prices has been featured on our website www.tomatonews.com. How to Grow Tomato Seedlings. Adding 250 gm of neem cake and 20 gm of Trichoderma as a part of land preparation is helpful in pests protection. Tomatoes are generally used in three ways. It provides practical information on small-scale cultivation, harvesting, storing, processing and marketing of tomatoes. determined by their final destination or usage. And there are some tomato varieties available that grow and produce fruits throughout the year. Start harvesting matured and healthy fruits when they attain red color and ripened stage. Some of these problems are diseases, and insect pests, and high flower drop. Arka Rakshak Tomato Cultivation Process / Practice with Yield 60 Tonne/acre. Carefully, remove the tomato plants one at a time. Furthermore, the influence of cultivation conditions (organic vs. conventional) as well as different processing methods (solar, oven and freeze-drying of tomato fruits) on the Sola l 4 content was investigated. Note that these plants these plants are highly affected by the adverse climatic and weather conditions. Dig a hole for each tomato plant. There plenty of health benefits of tomatoes. Crop rotation is another task to perform to minimize the occurrence of the various kinds of disease in tomato cultivation. Limited land production also resulted in reduced tomato production. In tomato production, propagation is mainly done with the help of seeds. Depending on location, fresh-market tomatoes are produced in Pennsylvania from the first of June (in a high tunnel) to the end of October. The Complete Book on Tomato & Tomato Products Manufacturing (Cultivation & Processing) (2 nd Revised Edition)Tomato is one of the most popular fruit in the world. But, as always, the addition of organic matter to mineral soils will increase yield. How to Grow Organic Tomatoes. However, uprooting of the heavily infected plants and burning at a distant point is to be carried out, as soon as infection appears in the crop. It is an important component of the daily diet, consumed both fresh and in paste form. Marja De Goffau. A seed rate of 400 to 500g/ha is required. Temperature below 100C and above 380C adversely affects plant tissues thereby slow down physiological activities. Spraying of neem seed extract @ 5 % can found to beneficial in killing early stages of various kinds of larvae. This chapter concentrates on the problems of tomato cultivation in Kolhapur district. Before planting farmyard manure @ 50 ton per hectares should be incorporated. • Processing Tomato Arka Rakshak Tomato Cultivation Process / Practice with Yield 60 Tonne/acre. Always select high yielding and fast growing for growing seedlings of tomatoes for commercial cultivation. They are the warm & humid season crop which thrives theirs best under warm atmosphere and cool climate conditions but this crop is not able to resist frost and high humidity conditions during the growing period. Tomato should be planted on the raised bed with the bed width of 1.5m. It was hypothesized that the Sola l 4 content varies with the color of the mature fruits, the growing condition and the processing method. could you suggest me we can cultivate tomato in all season in ployhouse?, and TN goverment allowing any subsidy for that? Nitrogen should be given in split doses. Tomatoes help in maintaining healthy bones, teeth, hair, and skin. Sanitation is also helpful in reducing the disease incidence. However, it is adapted to a wide range of climatic conditions from temperate to hot and humid tropical. It is also an anti-aging agent. In tomato cultivation addition capital input required for weed control, plant growth regulator and also on pesticides, fungicides. processed tomato market and supply chain constraints. Where to find good quality vegetables seeds? There should be a path of 0.6m between two beds. It is important to maintain good moisture level during its growing period. Tissue analysis of a nutritionally sufficient plant will show the following nutrient status: In the present situation, it has been realized that the use of inorganic fertilizers should be integrated with renewable and environmentally friendly organic fertilizers, crop residues and green manures. The remaining quantity may be applied two months after planting. "Tomato Cultivation Guide by Haifa Group - find out information about nutrigation, fertigation, plant analysis guide & nutrient sufficiency ranges Author information: (1)Biotechnology of Natural Products, Technische Universität München, Freising, Germany. Tomato farming can be done throughout the year with the facility of enough irrigation during the complete growing periods. In hot and dry climate conditions, irrigation should be done on weekly base whereas it should be done at an interval of 10 days during cold and cool climate conditions. The nitrogen in adequate quantity increases fruit quality, fruit size, color, and taste. Temperature and Light. Dried tomato products of both genotypes contained significantly lower levels of Sola l 4 than the fresh fruits , when referring the allergen content of the samples to the corresponding fresh weight, regardless of the cultivation technique. Best Time For Tomato Cultivation. Traditional tomato cultivation, straw bale cultivation, and container planting are three reliable methods of growing tomatoes. Great market potential throughout the world along with onion and potatoes. Read: Profitable Tomato Processing Business Opportunities . Capsicum is an important commercial vegetable crop, also known as sweet pepper, bell pepper or Shimla Mirch. It also helps in increasing desirable acidic flavor. One can easily cultivate tomato for about three times in a year with no frost conditions during the growing period. processing tomato has been conducted for cultivation in Italy (Del Borghi et al. Likewise, a farmer can go for picking for about five times until the last harvest. Arka Rakshak, developed after a five-year research by a team of the Indian Institute of Horticulture Research (IIHR), Bangalore; continues to make waves in the horticultural sector. One-fourth of nitrogen and half of potash may be applied 20-30 days after planting. After seed production, diseased, broken seeds are discarded. Tomatoes are very prone to disease and are mainly attacked by bacteria, fungus, and viruses, however, soil solarization before sowing of seedling on the ground is the best way of controlling all kinds of diseases effectively. For raising seedling on nursery beds, add about 5 kg of farmyard manure along with 25 kg of Nitrogen, 20 kg of Potassium and 20 kg of Phosphorous, 250 gm neem cake and 20 gm of Trichoderma as a part of land preparation. Commercial tomato cultivation can be done in open land and in greenhouses. Irrigation in tomato production is quite important for healthy growth of plants, quality and quantity of fruits. The following article gives information about “Tomato Cultivation”, “How to grow Tomatoes”, Tomato farming techniques. They also do not perform well with soils having extreme organic matter content because of high moisture and some nutrient deficiencies in them. Technology/ process which was intervened for its success In the year 1999, scientists from KVK Shimla at Rohru conducted a survey of Nerwa area of tehsil Chopal district Shimla for exploring the area for cultivation of off- season vegetable crops. These plants are ideally grown in the temperature range 20-27oC with rainfall of about 750-1250 mg per year. Decided to come back to farming, agriculture sector as a Farmer and Writer. Tomato farming is much successful crop over the other fruits and vegetable crops with sharp and instant income. Bring the cultivating soil in fine and tilth form by giving about 3 deep plowing. In fact, we like to compare our plants to elite athletes. Storing of fruits should be done at a proper place and are sent off for sold to the nearby market. Researchers collected data from all three phases for both the 2005 season and the 2015 season, to track changes over time. Kanika Dhamija 9 August, 2020 9:35 PM IST. In addition to these, the fields must have efficient water drainage systems. Sow the seeds thinly spaced in lines, press gently, cover with fine sand and then cover the bed with straw. Whereas for the vegetable purpose, harvesting should be done as soon as they start maturity and red color. Tomato Production Introduction Greenhouse tomato production offers inter-ested growers an opportunity to produce a mar-ketable product at times when supplies are low. Tomato has been in cultivation in Nigeria for a very long time. Read: Profitable Tomato Processing Business Opportunities . Additional hand-weeding may be required and , , and . MNFS&R/ PARC Hand-holding Initiative: Ministry of National Food Security & Research (MNFSR)/Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC) realized its responsibilities to play advisory role for the promotion of Agricultural Enterprises by using loan scheme by the Govt of Pakistan and other organizations. 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This article will outline how to start the tomato farming business, and the tomato farming business plan – PDF, Word and Excel. The seeds for sowing should be free from inert matter. Tomato can be grown on a wide range of soils but a well-drained, light loam soil with pH of 5 to 7 is preferred. Try to give Nitrogen in a split of doses. Tomato Processing and Tomato based Products Value added Products from Tomato (Tomato Cultivation, Tomato Juice, Tomato Puree, Tomato Ketchup, Tomato Chutney, Tomato Sauces, Tomato Powder, Tomato Ready-To-Eat Products, Tomato Paste, Instant Tomato Soup, Packaging of Tomato Paste, Tomato Ketchup, Soups & Sauce, Tomato Paste & Purees, Tomato Paste (Tomato Concentrate), Tomato Processing … Effect of tomato variety, cultivation, climate and processing on Sola l 4, an allergen from Solanum lycopersicum. Always select high yielding and fast growing for growing seedlings of tomatoes for commercial cultivation. Currently, after potato and sweet potatoes, tomatoes are the worlds largest vegetable and fruit crops which also leads the list of canned vegetables. Seeds are raised before one month of planting seedlings on the ground with 60 to 90 cm width spacing with convenient length. Tomato Paste Prices, Last update November 16, 2020 Since May 1986, information concerning the prices of pastes on the export market has been made available every month. February 2019; Authors: Shankara Naika. Since this is the effective way of controlling weed growth, bacteria, fungus, nematode, pests, insects, and diseases in tomato plants. A temp below 15 °C and above 35 °C negatively affects the plant tissues via slower down the physiological activities of plants. Tomatoes are generally used in three ways. Planting should be preferably be done in small pits for better root development. Your email address will not be published. Tomato is a moderately tolerant crop to a wide pH range. Draw the lines 10 to 15cm apart throughout the length of the seedbed. 6.2.1 Pre-harvest problems of tomato growers - These are described below 1. In the northern plains three crops are taken but in frost affected area rabi crop is not fruitful. Irrigate the crop @ every 3 to 4 days to this crop. Cultivation of tomato 10 2 Requirements for successful cultivation 2.1 Climate and soil Temperature and light Tomato requires a relatively cool, dry climate for high yield and pre- mium quality. 6.03; Show all 5 authors Hide. One is in the green salad as fresh, in cooked food recipes and as process tomato products like sauce, juice, puree, ketchup, etc. Application of Manure & Fertilizers in Tomato Farming. Planting of seedlings should be done into shallow furrow & small lat bed depending on the facility of irrigation and on the ridge for heavy soils. 20-25 day old seedlings should be planted at the distance of 1.0x0.8cm before planting the root of seedling should be dipped for 15 minutes inTrichoderma+Pseudomonas culture @ 10%. This Tomato Cultivation IIHR provides the current version 2.0.0 for Mac to install on your device. A large part of the world tomato crop is processed into tomato paste, which is subsequently used as an ingredient in many food products, mainly soups, sauces and ketchup. Lay-by herbicide application is the norm to control weeds for the remainder of the season, regardless of planting method. Though tomato plants will do well in more acidic soils with adequate nutrient supply and availability. Live Phone-in at 7.30 pm on 16-08-2018Rameshgowda K.Progressive farmer, T. Agrahara,Devanahalli TalukExpert AnalysisDr. The main insects and pests in tomato crop are, To control the major pests and insects in tomato cultivation effectively, learn the following controlling measure, The following are major diseases of tomatoes. There is a need for light hoeing during the first four weeks in the field which encourage the growth but also remove the weeds from the field. Potato Farming Process, Profit and Cultivation| Cultivation About Potato Crop. However, the best tomato planting season for growing tomatoes 3 times a year are. Tomato : Tomato Prices will Touch Rs. A bright sunlight at the time of fruit set may yield fruits with attractive color. For obtaining high-quality seedlings, the raise nursery beds soil should … Production practices differ between fresh market and . They can be grown all over the world on all kinds of soils. Tomatoes also required good soil pH ranging from 5.8 to 7.3 for excellent plant growth, quality, and quantity of fruits. Tomato stems and leaves that can not be consumed because it is still a family with potatoes and eggplant, which contained alkaloids. Cultivation of tomato: production, processing and marketing. Sandy soils will require a higher rate of fertilizer, and more frequent applications of these fertilizers due to increased leaching of essential nutrients. Tomato is a warm season crop, it requires a warm and cool climate. Try to add 10 tonnes of farmyard manure along with 2000 gms of neem cake or 10 kg of carbofuran granules per hectare to increase the soil fertility and productivity. Best Time For Tomato Cultivation. Silver H2O2 | ALSTASAN SILVOX functions as a disinfectant, sterilant, sanitizer, fumigant in Tomato Cultivation At the time of transplanting, seedlings are harder by exposing to open weather or by withholding irrigation. A warm season crop, sensitive to frost. Marketing. Bring them to a fine tilth. Also, light intensity affects pigmentation, fruit color, fruit set. Tomato and cucumber are popular and important crops for greenhouse production in Florida. In the southern plains where there is no danger of frost, The first transplanting is done in December-January, Second June-July Third in September-October depending on the irrigation facilities available. processing tomatoes. The availability of Nitrogen in fair amount is found to be beneficial in increasing the fruit size, color, taste, quality, and quantity. However, irrigation should be done on the basis of plant requirements. Arka Rakshak tomato cultivation process demystified. Picking should be done at a different interval of the time span to obtain maximum fruits production. They can be grown from pots and containers to a large-scale commercial field. PDF | INTRODUCTIONTomatoes can be easily grown in a field, in a greenhouse, or in a growth cabinet. However, avoid tomato plantation of more acidic soils along with fair nutrient content since are not proper for higher production. Read: Advantages of Biofloc Fish Farming. Cultivation of tomato production, processing and marketing. Read: How to Grow Cauliflower in Containers. Tomatoes are considered as fruits and vegetables. … "Tomatoes have green fruit, yellow, and red commonly used as a vegetable in cooking or eaten directly without processing. Aug 2, 2020 By Vasu 2 Comments. An adequate amount of potassium is also required for growth, yield, and quality. 2018), Greece (Ntinasetal.2017),Turkey(KarakayaandÖzilgen2011),and with limited data and impact categories in California (Brodt et al. Seeds are sown in June July for autumn winter crop and for spring summer crop seeds are sown in November. Agro-climatic Requirement for Tomato Farming. India Processing Tomato Segment 5 industry representa ves. Prof. Dr. Rama Subba Reddy - Sagubadi - Duration: 21 ... Israel Tomato Processing - Growing Tomatoes Greenhouse - … The tomato fruit quality depends on the variety or cultivar chosen for cultivation since there many kinds of hybrid varieties are present in the local market in the different portion of the world. Also, in growing tomatoes, the intensity of light also affects pigmentation and color of fruit along with fruit setting density on plants. Soil and tissue analyses should be taken throughout the growing and production season to ensure essential nutrients are in their proper amounts and ratios. The main benefits of tomato farming include: The scientific name or botanical name of tomato is “Solanum Lycopersicum” which belongs to the family “Solanaceae” and to the genus “Lycopersicon”. Half the dose of nitrogen, full phosphorus and half of potash may be applied as basal before transplanting. To minimize the pests and diseases occurrence in tomato seedlings, seed treatment should be done well by carbendazim @ 2.5 gm per kg or Trichoderma @ 10 gm per kg of seeds. We have made two stages of these problems and these are as follows. Tomato crop must be rotated with leguminous crops after one year of tomato cultivation. project, we conducted in each of the tomato cultivation and processing business based on the task recognition. They are the warm season crop which thrives it best under warm atmosphere and cool climate conditions but this crop is not able to resist frost and high humidity conditions during the growing period. It thrives well in temperature 100C to 300C with the optimum range of temperature is 21-240C. Seed treatment of selected seeds is another an effective way to minimize the occurrence of all kinds of bacterial, fungal and virus diseases. This is a list of countries by tomato production in 2016 and 2017, based on data from the Food and Agriculture Organization Corporate Statistical Database. The total duration of Tomato commercial cultivation is about 110 to 140 days. From the moment they arrive in the greenhouse in December to the moment they are removed in November, all the plants together produce around 10 million kilos of tomatoes. Complete information on how to cultivate Arka Rakshak Tomato plant for farmers with official info from IIHR. In this article however, an attempt will be made to critically discuss tomatoes cultivation and its potential in Nigeria.